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    Nauru Geography - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/nauru/nauru_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands

      Geographic coordinates 0 32 S, 166 55 E

      Map references Oceania

      Area
      total: 21 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 21 sq km

      Area - comparative about 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 30 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      Climate tropical; monsoonal; rainy season (November to February)

      Terrain sandy beach rises to fertile ring around raised coral reefs with phosphate plateau in center

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location along plateau rim 61 m

      Natural resources phosphates, fish

      Land use
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 100% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues limited natural fresh water resources, roof storage tanks collect rainwater, but mostly dependent on a single, aging desalination plant; intensive phosphate mining during the past 90 years - mainly by a UK, Australia, and NZ consortium - has left the central 90% of Nauru a wasteland and threatens limited remaining land resources

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note Nauru is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati and Makatea in French Polynesia; only 53 km south of Equator

      NOTE: The information regarding Nauru on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nauru Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nauru Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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