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    New Caledonia Geography - 2002

      Location Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia

      Geographic coordinates 21 30 S, 165 30 E

      Map references Oceania

      total: 19,060 sq km
      water: 485 sq km
      land: 18,575 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than New Jersey

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 2,254 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate tropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid

      Terrain coastal plains with interior mountains

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mont Panie 1,628 m

      Natural resources nickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper

      Land use
      arable land: 1%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 99% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 160 sq km (1991)

      Natural hazards cyclones, most frequent from November to March

      Environment - current issues erosion caused by mining exploitation and forest fires

      Geography - note consists of the main island of New Caledonia (one of the largest in the Pacific Ocean), the archipelago of Iles Loyaute, and numerous small, sparsely populated islands and atolls

      NOTE: The information regarding New Caledonia on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of New Caledonia Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about New Caledonia Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)