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    Nigeria Geography - 2002

      Location Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon

      Geographic coordinates 10 00 N, 8 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 923,768 sq km
      water: 13,000 sq km
      land: 910,768 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly more than twice the size of California

      Land boundaries
      total: 4,047 km
      border countries: Benin 773 km, Cameroon 1,690 km, Chad 87 km, Niger 1,497 km

      Coastline 853 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north

      Terrain southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Chappal Waddi 2,419 m

      Natural resources natural gas, petroleum, tin, columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc, arable land

      Land use
      arable land: 31%
      permanent crops: 3%
      other: 66% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 2,330 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards periodic droughts; flooding

      Environment - current issues soil degradation; rapid deforestation; urban air and water pollution; desertification; oil pollution - water, air, and soil; has suffered serious damage from oil spills; loss of arable land; rapid urbanization

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note the Niger enters the country in the northwest and flows southward through tropical rain forests and swamps to its delta in the Gulf of Guinea

      NOTE: The information regarding Nigeria on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nigeria Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nigeria Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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