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    Niue Geography - 2002

      Location Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga

      Geographic coordinates 19 02 S, 169 52 W

      Map references Oceania

      total: 260 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 260 sq km

      Area - comparative 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 64 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate tropical; modified by southeast trade winds

      Terrain steep limestone cliffs along coast, central plateau

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location near Mutalau settlement 68 m

      Natural resources fish, arable land

      Land use
      arable land: 19%
      permanent crops: 8%
      other: 73% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards typhoons

      Environment - current issues increasing attention to conservationist practices to counter loss of soil fertility from traditional slash and burn agriculture

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note one of world's largest coral islands

      NOTE: The information regarding Niue on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Niue Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Niue Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)