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    Oman Government - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/oman/oman_government.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name
      conventional long form: Sultanate of Oman
      conventional short form: Oman
      local long form: Saltanat Uman
      former: Muscat and Oman
      local short form: Uman

      Government type monarchy

      Capital Muscat

      Administrative divisions 6 regions (mintaqat, singular - mintaqah) and 2 governorates* (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah) Ad Dakhiliyah, Al Batinah, Al Wusta, Ash Sharqiyah, Az Zahirah, Masqat, Musandam*, Zufar*; note - the US Embassy in Oman reports that Masqat is a governorate, but this has not been confirmed by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

      Independence 1650 (expulsion of the Portuguese)

      National holiday Birthday of Sultan QABOOS, 18 November (1940)

      Constitution none; note - on 6 November 1996, Sultan QABOOS issued a royal decree promulgating a new basic law which, among other things, clarifies the royal succession, provides for a prime minister, bars ministers from holding interests in companies doing business with the government, establishes a bicameral legislature, and guarantees basic civil liberties for Omani citizens

      Legal system based on English common law and Islamic law; ultimate appeal to the monarch; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage in Oman's most recent elections in 2000, limited to approximately 175,000 Omanis chosen by the government to vote in elections for the Majlis ash-Shura

      Executive branch
      chief of state: Sultan and Prime Minister QABOOS bin Said Al Said (since 23 July 1970); note - the monarch is both the chief of state and head of government
      head of government: Sultan and Prime Minister QABOOS bin Said Al Said (since 23 July 1970); note - the monarch is both the chief of state and head of government
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the monarch
      elections: none; the monarch is hereditary

      Legislative branch bicameral Majlis Oman consists of an upper chamber or Majlis al-Dawla (48 seats; members appointed by the monarch; has advisory powers only) and a lower chamber or Majlis al-Shura (83 seats; members elected by limited suffrage for three-year term, however, the monarch makes final selections and can negate election results; body has some limited power to propose legislation, but otherwise has only advisory powers)
      elections: last held NA September 2000 (next to be held NA September 2003)
      election results: NA; note - two women were elected for the first time to the Majlis al-Shura, about 100,000 people voted

      Judicial branch Supreme Court
      note: the nascent civil court system, administered by region, has non-Islamic judges as well as traditional Islamic judges

      Political parties and leaders none

      Political pressure groups and leaders none

      International organization participation ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Mohamed Ali AL KHUSAIBY
      chancery: 2535 Belmont Road, NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 387-1980 through 1981, 1988
      FAX: [1] (202) 745-4933

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Charge d'Affaires Robert W. DRY
      embassy: Jameat A'Duwal Al Arabiya Street, Al Khuwair area, Muscat
      mailing address: international: P. O. Box 202, P.C. 115, Madinat Al-Sultan Qaboos, Muscat
      telephone: [968] 698989
      FAX: [968] 699189

      Flag description three horizontal bands of white, red, and green of equal width with a broad, vertical, red band on the hoist side; the national emblem (a khanjar dagger in its sheath superimposed on two crossed swords in scabbards) in white is centered at the top of the vertical band

      NOTE: The information regarding Oman on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Oman Government 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Oman Government 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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