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    Romania Government - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/romania/romania_government.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name
      conventional long form: none
      conventional short form: Romania
      local short form: Romania
      local long form: none

      Government type republic

      Capital Bucharest

      Administrative divisions 41 counties (judete, singular - judet) and 1 municipality* (municipiu); Alba, Arad, Arges, Bacau, Bihor, Bistrita-Nasaud, Botosani, Braila, Brasov, Bucuresti*, Buzau, Calarasi, Caras-Severin, Cluj, Constanta, Covasna, Dimbovita, Dolj, Galati, Gorj, Giurgiu, Harghita, Hunedoara, Ialomita, Iasi, Ilfov, Maramures, Mehedinti, Mures, Neamt, Olt, Prahova, Salaj, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Suceava, Teleorman, Timis, Tulcea, Vaslui, Vilcea, Vrancea

      Independence 9 May 1877 (independence proclaimed from Turkey; independence recognized 13 July 1878 by the Treaty of Berlin; kingdom proclaimed 26 March 1881; republic proclaimed 30 December 1947)

      National holiday Unification Day (of Romania and Transylvania), 1 December (1918)

      Constitution 8 December 1991

      Legal system former mixture of civil law system and communist legal theory; is now based on the constitution of France's Fifth Republic

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Ion ILIESCU (since 20 December 2000)
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 26 November 2000, with runoff between the top two candidates held 10 December 2000 (next to be held NA November/December 2004); prime minister appointed by the president
      head of government: Prime Minister Adrian NASTASE (since 29 December 2000)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
      election results: percent of vote - Ion ILIESCU 66.84%, Corneliu Vadim TUDOR 33.16%

      Legislative branch bicameral Parliament or Parlament consists of the Senate or Senat (140 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote on a proportional representation basis to serve four-year terms) and the Chamber of Deputies or Adunarea Deputatilor (345 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote on a proportional representation basis to serve four-year terms)
      elections: Senate - last held 26 November 2000 (next to be held in the fall of 2004); Chamber of Deputies - last held 26 November 2000 (next to be held in the fall of 2004)
      election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - PDSR 37.1%, PRM 21.0%, PD 7.6%, PNL 7.5%, UDMR 6.9%; seats by party - PDSR 65, PRM 37, PD 13, PNL 13, UDMR 12; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - PDSR 36.6%, PRM 19.5%, PD 7.0%, PNL, 6.9%, UDMR 6.8%; seats by party - PDSR 155, PRM 84, PD 31, PNL 30, UDMR 27, ethnic minorities 18

      Judicial branch Supreme Court of Justice (judges are appointed by the president on the recommendation of the Superior Council of Magistrates)

      Political parties and leaders Democratic Party or PD [Traian BASESCU]; Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania or UDMR [Bela MARKO]; National Liberal Party or PNL [Valeriu STOICA]; Party of Social Democracy or PSD [Adrian NASTASE]; note - used to be known as the Party of Social Democracy in Romania or PDSR; Romania Mare Party (Greater Romanian Party) or PRM [Corneliu Vadim TUDOR]

      Political pressure groups and leaders various human rights and professional associations

      International organization participation ACCT, Australia Group, BIS, BSEC, CCC, CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EU (applicant), FAO, G- 9, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAIA (observer), MONUC, NAM (guest), NSG, OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UPU, WCL, WEU (associate partner), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Sorin Dumitru DUCARU
      consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York
      FAX: [1] (202) 232-4748
      telephone: [1] (202) 332-4846, 4848, 4851
      chancery: 1607 23rd Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Michael GUEST
      embassy: Strada Tudor Arghezi 7-9, Bucharest
      mailing address: American Embassy Bucharest, Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-5260 (pouch)
      telephone: [40] (1) 210 40 42
      FAX: [40] (1) 210 03 95
      branch office(s): Cluj-Napoca

      Flag description three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red; the national coat of arms that used to be centered in the yellow band has been removed; now similar to the flag of Chad, also resembles the flags of Andorra and Moldova

      NOTE: The information regarding Romania on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Romania Government 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Romania Government 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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