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    Russia Transportation - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/russia/russia_transportation.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Railways
      total: 87,157 km
      broad gauge: 86,200 km 1.520-m gauge (40,300 km are electrified)
      narrow gauge: 957 km 1.067-m gauge (installed on Sakhalin Island)
      note: an additional 63,000 km of broad gauge routes serve specific industries and are not available for common carrier use (2002)

      Highways
      total: 952,000 km
      paved: 752,000 km (including about 336,000 km of conventionally paved roads, and about 416,000 km of roads with all-weather gravel surfaces)
      unpaved: 200,000 km (these roads are made of unstabilized earth and are difficult to negotiate in wet weather) (1998)

      Waterways 95,900 km (total routes in general use)
      note: routes with navigation guides serving the Russian River Fleet - 95,900 km; routes with night navigational aids - 60,400 km; man-made navigable routes - 16,900 km (Jan 1994)

      Pipelines crude oil 48,000 km; petroleum products 15,000 km; natural gas 140,000 km (June 1993 est.)

      Ports and harbors Aleksandrovsk-Sakhalinsky, Arkhangel'sk, Astrakhan', De-Kastri, Indigirskiy, Kaliningrad, Kandalaksha, Kazan', Khabarovsk, Kholmsk, Krasnoyarsk, Lazarev, Mago, Mezen', Moscow, Murmansk, Nakhodka, Nevel'sk, Novorossiysk, Onega, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, Rostov, Shakhtersk, Saint Petersburg, Sochi, Taganrog, Tuapse, Uglegorsk, Vanino, Vladivostok, Volgograd, Vostochnyy, Vyborg

      Merchant marine
      total: 888 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 4,390,745 GRT/5,357,436 DWT
      ships by type: barge carrier 1, bulk 21, cargo 556, chemical tanker 7, combination bulk 21, combination ore/oil 6, container 29, multi-functional large-load carrier 1, passenger 41, passenger/cargo 3, petroleum tanker 153, refrigerated cargo 22, roll on/roll off 20, short-sea passenger 7
      note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Belize 1, Cambodia 1, Cyprus 9, Denmark 1, Estonia 4, Greece 3, Honduras 1, Latvia 4, Lithuania 3, Moldova 3, Netherlands 1, South Korea 1, Turkey 18, Turkmenistan 2, Ukraine 10, United Kingdom 5, United States 1 (2002 est.)

      Airports 2,743 (2001)

      Airports - with paved runways
      total: 471
      over 3,047 m: 56
      2,438 to 3,047 m: 178
      1,524 to 2,437 m: 76
      914 to 1,523 m: 69
      under 914 m: 92 (2001)

      Airports - with unpaved runways
      total: 2,272
      over 3,047 m: 28
      2,438 to 3,047 m: 118
      1,524 to 2,437 m: 204
      914 to 1,523 m: 324
      under 914 m: 1,598 (2001)

      NOTE: The information regarding Russia on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Russia Transportation 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Russia Transportation 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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