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    Saudi Arabia Geography - 2002

      Location Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen

      Geographic coordinates 25 00 N, 45 00 E

      Map references Middle East

      total: 1,960,582 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 1,960,582 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly more than one-fifth the size of the US

      Land boundaries
      total: 4,431 km
      border countries: Iraq 814 km, Jordan 744 km, Kuwait 222 km, Oman 676 km, Qatar 60 km, UAE 457 km, Yemen 1,458 km

      Coastline 2,640 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 18 NM
      continental shelf: not specified
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate harsh, dry desert with great temperature extremes

      Terrain mostly uninhabited, sandy desert

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
      highest point: Jabal Sawda' 3,133 m

      Natural resources petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper

      Land use
      arable land: 2%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 98% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 16,200 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards frequent sand and dust storms

      Environment - current issues desertification; depletion of underground water resources; the lack of perennial rivers or permanent water bodies has prompted the development of extensive seawater desalination facilities; coastal pollution from oil spills

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note extensive coastlines on Persian Gulf and Red Sea provide great leverage on shipping (especially crude oil) through Persian Gulf and Suez Canal

      NOTE: The information regarding Saudi Arabia on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Saudi Arabia Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Saudi Arabia Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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