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    Solomon Islands Geography - 2002

      Location Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea

      Geographic coordinates 8 00 S, 159 00 E

      Map references Oceania

      total: 28,450 sq km
      water: 910 sq km
      land: 27,540 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Maryland

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 5,313 km

      Maritime claims measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM

      Climate tropical monsoon; few extremes of temperature and weather

      Terrain mostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Makarakomburu 2,447 m

      Natural resources fish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel

      Land use
      arable land: 1%
      permanent crops: 1%
      other: 98% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards typhoons, but rarely destructive; geologically active region with frequent earth tremors; volcanic activity

      Environment - current issues deforestation; soil erosion; many of the surrounding coral reefs are dead or dying

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note strategic location on sea routes between the South Pacific Ocean, the Solomon Sea, and the Coral Sea

      NOTE: The information regarding Solomon Islands on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Solomon Islands Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Solomon Islands Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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