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    Syria Government - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/syria/syria_government.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name
      conventional long form: Syrian Arab Republic
      conventional short form: Syria
      local short form: Suriyah
      former: United Arab Republic (with Egypt)
      local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Arabiyah as Suriyah

      Government type republic under military regime since March 1963

      Capital Damascus

      Administrative divisions 14 provinces (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al Hasakah, Al Ladhiqiyah, Al Qunaytirah, Ar Raqqah, As Suwayda', Dar'a, Dayr az Zawr, Dimashq, Halab, Hamah, Hims, Idlib, Rif Dimashq, Tartus

      Independence 17 April 1946 (from League of Nations mandate under French administration)

      National holiday Independence Day, 17 April (1946)

      Constitution 13 March 1973

      Legal system based on Islamic law and civil law system; special religious courts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Bashar al-ASAD (since 17 July 2000); Vice Presidents Abd al-Halim ibn Said KHADDAM (since 11 March 1984) and Muhammad Zuhayr MASHARIQA (since 11 March 1984)
      head of government: Prime Minister Muhammad Mustafa MIRU (since 13 March 2000), Deputy Prime Ministers Lt. Gen. Mustafa TALAS (since 11 March 1984), Farouk al-SHARA (since 13 December 2001), Dr. Muhammad al-HUSAYN (since 13 December 2001)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; referendum/election last held 10 July 2000 - after the death of President Hafez al-ASAD, father of Bashar al-ASAD - (next to be held NA 2007); vice presidents appointed by the president; prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the president
      note: Hafiz al-ASAD died on 10 June 2000; on 20 June 2000, the Ba'th Party nominated Bashar al-ASAD for president and presented his name to the People's Council on 25 June 2000
      election results: Bashar al-ASAD elected president; percent of vote - Bashar al-ASAD 97.29%

      Legislative branch unicameral People's Council or Majlis al-shaab (250 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NPF 67%, independents 33%; seats by party - NPF 167, independents 83; note - the constitution guarantees that the Ba'th Party (part of the NPF alliance) receives one-half of the seats
      elections: last held 30 November-1 December 1998 (next to be held NA 2002)

      Judicial branch Supreme Constitutional Court (justices are appointed for four-year terms by the president); High Judicial Council; Court of Cassation; State Security Courts

      Political parties and leaders National Progressive Front or NPF (includes the Ba'th Party, ASU, Arab Socialist Party, Socialist Unionist Democratic Party, ASP, SCP) [President Bashar al-ASAD, chairman]; Arab Socialist Renaissance (Ba'th) Party (governing party) [President Bashar al-ASAD, secretary general]; Syrian Arab Socialist Party or ASP [Safwan KOUDSI]; Syrian Communist Party or SCP [Yusuf FAYSAL]; Syrian Social National Party [Jubran URAYJI]

      Political pressure groups and leaders conservative religious leaders; Muslim Brotherhood (operates in exile in Jordan and Yemen); non-Ba'th parties have little effective political influence

      International organization participation AFESD, AL, AMF, CAEU, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNRWA, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WToO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Rustum al-ZU'BI
      chancery: 2215 Wyoming Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
      FAX: [1] (202) 234-9548
      telephone: [1] (202) 232-6313

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Theodore H. KATTOUF
      embassy: Abou Roumaneh, Al-Mansur Street, No. 2, Damascus
      mailing address: P. O. Box 29, Damascus
      telephone: [963] (11) 333-1342
      FAX: [963] (11) 331-9678

      Flag description three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black, with two small green five-pointed stars in a horizontal line centered in the white band; similar to the flag of Yemen, which has a plain white band, and of Iraq, which has three green stars (plus an Arabic inscription) in a horizontal line centered in the white band; also similar to the flag of Egypt, which has a heraldic eagle centered in the white band

      NOTE: The information regarding Syria on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Syria Government 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Syria Government 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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