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    Taiwan Geography - 2002

      Location Eastern Asia, islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China

      Geographic coordinates 23 30 N, 121 00 E

      Map references Southeast Asia

      total: 35,980 sq km
      note: includes the Pescadores, Matsu, and Quemoy
      water: 3,720 sq km
      land: 32,260 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Maryland and Delaware combined

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 1,566.3 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate tropical; marine; rainy season during southwest monsoon (June to August); cloudiness is persistent and extensive all year

      Terrain eastern two-thirds mostly rugged mountains; flat to gently rolling plains in west

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
      highest point: Yu Shan 3,997 m

      Natural resources small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, and asbestos

      Land use
      arable land: 24%
      permanent crops: 1%
      other: 75%

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards earthquakes and typhoons

      Environment - current issues air pollution; water pollution from industrial emissions, raw sewage; contamination of drinking water supplies; trade in endangered species; low-level radioactive waste disposal

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: none of the selected agreements because of Taiwan's international status
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements because of Taiwan's international status

      Geography - note strategic location adjacent to both the Taiwan Strait and the Luzon Strait

      NOTE: The information regarding Taiwan on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Taiwan Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Taiwan Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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