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    Togo Geography - 2002

      Location Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Benin and Ghana

      Geographic coordinates 8 00 N, 1 10 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 56,785 sq km
      water: 2,400 sq km
      land: 54,385 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than West Virginia

      Land boundaries
      total: 1,647 km
      border countries: Benin 644 km, Burkina Faso 126 km, Ghana 877 km

      Coastline 56 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 30 NM

      Climate tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north

      Terrain gently rolling savanna in north; central hills; southern plateau; low coastal plain with extensive lagoons and marshes

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mont Agou 986 m

      Natural resources phosphates, limestone, marble, arable land

      Land use
      arable land: 41%
      permanent crops: 2%
      other: 57% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 70 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards hot, dry harmattan wind can reduce visibility in north during winter; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues deforestation attributable to slash-and-burn agriculture and the use of wood for fuel; water pollution presents health hazards and hinders the fishing industry; air pollution increasing in urban areas

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note the country's length allows it to stretch through six distinct geographic regions; climate varies from tropical to savanna

      NOTE: The information regarding Togo on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Togo Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Togo Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)