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    Togo Government - 2002

      Country name
      conventional long form: Togolese Republic
      conventional short form: Togo
      local short form: none
      former: French Togoland
      local long form: Republique Togolaise

      Government type republic under transition to multiparty democratic rule

      Capital Lome

      Administrative divisions 5 regions (regions, singular - region); De La Kara, Des Plateaux, Des Savanes, Centrale, Maritime

      Independence 27 April 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship)

      National holiday Independence Day, 27 April (1960)

      Constitution multiparty draft constitution approved by High Council of the Republic 1 July 1992; adopted by public referendum 27 September 1992

      Legal system French-based court system

      Suffrage NA years of age; universal adult

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Gen. Gnassingbe EYADEMA (since 14 April 1967)
      head of government: Prime Minister Agbeyome KODJO (since 29 August 2000)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president and the prime minister
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 21 June 1998 (next to be held NA 2003); prime minister appointed by the president
      election results: Gnassingbe EYADEMA reelected president; percent of vote - Gnassingbe EYADEMA 52.13%, Gilchrist OLYMPIO 34.12%, other 13.75%

      Legislative branch unicameral National Assembly (81 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
      elections: last held 21 March 1999 (next was tentatively scheduled for March 2002, however, it was postponed with no new date given)
      note: Togo's main opposition parties boycotted the election because of EYADEMA's alleged manipulation of 1998 presidential polling; in March of 1999, opposition parties entered into negotiations with the president over the establishment of an independent electoral commission and a new round of legislative elections
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - RPT 79, independents 2

      Judicial branch Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel; Supreme Court or Cour Supreme

      Political parties and leaders Action Committee for Renewal or CAR [Yawovi AGBOYIBO]; Coordination des Forces Nouvelles or CFN [Joseph KOFFIGOH]; Democratic Convention of African Peoples or CDPA [Leopold GNININVI]; Party for Democracy and Renewal or PDR [Zarifou AYEVA]; Patriotic Pan-African Convergence or CPP [Edem KODJO]; Rally of the Togolese People or RPT [President Gen. Gnassingbe EYADEMA]; Union of Forces for Change or UFC [Gilchrist OLYMPIO (in exile), Jean Pierre FABRE, general secretary in Togo]; Union of Independent Liberals or ULI [Jacques AMOUZOU]
      note: Rally of the Togolese People or RPT, led by President EYADEMA, was the only party until the formation of multiple parties was legalized 12 April 1991

      Political pressure groups and leaders NA

      International organization participation ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, MIPONUH, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Akoussoulelou BODJONA
      FAX: [1] (202) 232-3190
      telephone: [1] (202) 234-4212
      chancery: 2208 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Karl HOFMANN
      embassy: Angle Rue Kouenou and Rue 15 Beniglato, Lome
      mailing address: B. P. 852, Lome
      telephone: [228] 221 29 91 through 221 29 94
      FAX: [228] 221 79 52

      Flag description five equal horizontal bands of green (top and bottom) alternating with yellow; there is a white five-pointed star on a red square in the upper hoist-side corner; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia

      NOTE: The information regarding Togo on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Togo Government 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Togo Government 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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