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    United Kingdom Geography - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/united_kingdom/united_kingdom_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location Western Europe, islands including the northern one-sixth of the island of Ireland between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, northwest of France

      Geographic coordinates 54 00 N, 2 00 W

      Map references Europe

      Area
      total: 244,820 sq km
      water: 3,230 sq km
      note: includes Rockall and Shetland Islands
      land: 241,590 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Oregon

      Land boundaries
      total: 360 km
      border countries: Ireland 360 km

      Coastline 12,429 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf: as defined in continental shelf orders or in accordance with agreed upon boundaries
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast

      Terrain mostly rugged hills and low mountains; level to rolling plains in east and southeast

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Fenland -4 m
      highest point: Ben Nevis 1,343 m

      Natural resources coal, petroleum, natural gas, tin, limestone, iron ore, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, lead, silica, arable land

      Land use
      arable land: 26%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 74% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 1,080 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards winter windstorms; floods

      Environment - current issues continues to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (has met Kyoto Protocol target of a 12.5% reduction from 1990 levels and intends to meet the legally binding target and move towards a domestic goal of a 20% cut in emissions by 2010); by 2005 the Government aims to reduce the amount of industrial and commercial waste disposed of in landfill sites to 85% of 1998 levels and to recycle or compost at least 25% of household waste, increasing to 33% by 2015; between 1998-99 and 1999-2000, household recycling increased from 8.8% to 10.3%

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note lies near vital North Atlantic sea lanes; only 35 km from France and now linked by tunnel under the English Channel; because of heavily indented coastline, no location is more than 125 km from tidal waters

      NOTE: The information regarding United Kingdom on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of United Kingdom Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about United Kingdom Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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