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    Vietnam Government - 2002

      Country name
      conventional long form: Socialist Republic of Vietnam
      conventional short form: Vietnam
      local short form: Viet Nam
      abbreviation: SRV
      local long form: Cong Hoa Xa Hoi Chu Nghia Viet Nam

      Government type Communist state

      Capital Hanoi

      Administrative divisions 58 provinces (tinh, singular and plural), and 3 municipalities* (thu do, singular and plural); An Giang, Bac Giang, Bac Kan, Bac Lieu, Bac Ninh, Ba Ria-Vung Tau, Ben Tre, Binh Dinh, Binh Duong, Binh Phuoc, Binh Thuan, Ca Mau, Can Tho, Cao Bang, Dac Lak, Da Nang, Dong Nai, Dong Thap, Gia Lai, Ha Giang, Hai Duong, Hai Phong*, Ha Nam, Ha Noi*, Ha Tay, Ha Tinh, Hoa Binh, Ho Chi Minh*, Hung Yen, Khanh Hoa, Kien Giang, Kon Tum, Lai Chau, Lam Dong, Lang Son, Lao Cai, Long An, Nam Dinh, Nghe An, Ninh Binh, Ninh Thuan, Phu Tho, Phu Yen, Quang Binh, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Quang Ninh, Quang Tri, Soc Trang, Son La, Tay Ninh, Thai Binh, Thai Nguyen, Thanh Hoa, Thua Thien-Hue, Tien Giang, Tra Vinh, Tuyen Quang, Vinh Long, Vinh Phuc, Yen Bai

      Independence 2 September 1945 (from France)

      National holiday Independence Day, 2 September (1945)

      Constitution 15 April 1992

      Legal system based on communist legal theory and French civil law system

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Tran Duc LUONG (since 24 September 1997)
      elections: president elected by the National Assembly from among its members for a five-year term; election last held 24 September 1997 (next to be held when National Assembly meets following legislative elections in May 2002); prime minister appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly; deputy prime ministers appointed by the prime minister
      head of government: Prime Minister Phan Van KHAI (since 25 September 1997); First Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Tan DUNG (since 29 September 1997); Deputy Prime Ministers Vu KHOAN (since NA) and Pham Gia KHIEM (since 29 September 1997)
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the proposal of the prime minister and ratification of the National Assembly
      election results: Tran Duc LUONG elected president; percent of National Assembly vote - NA%

      Legislative branch unicameral National Assembly or Quoc-Hoi (498 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
      elections: last held 19 May 2002 (next to be held 2007)
      election results: percent of vote by party - CPV 90%, other 10% (the 10% are not CPV members but are approved by the CPV to stand for election); seats by party - CPV 447, CPV-approved 51

      Judicial branch Supreme People's Court (chief justice is elected for a five-year term by the National Assembly on the recommendation of the president)

      Political parties and leaders only party - Communist Party of Vietnam or CPV [Nong Duc MANH, general secretary]

      Political pressure groups and leaders none

      International organization participation ACCT, APEC, ARF, AsDB, ASEAN, CCC, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NAM, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (observer)

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Nguyen Tam CHIEN
      consulate(s) general: San Francisco
      FAX: [1] (202) 861-0917
      telephone: [1] (202) 861-0737
      chancery: 1233 20th Street NW, Suite 400, Washington, DC 20036

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Raymond F. BURGHARDT
      embassy: 7 Lang Ha Road, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi
      mailing address: PSC 461, Box 400, FPO AP 96521-0002
      telephone: [84] (4) 772-1500
      FAX: [84] (4) 772-1510
      consulate(s) general: Ho Chi Minh City

      Flag description red with a large yellow five-pointed star in the center

      NOTE: The information regarding Vietnam on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Vietnam Government 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Vietnam Government 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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