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    Yemen Geography - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/yemen/yemen_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia

      Geographic coordinates 15 00 N, 48 00 E

      Map references Middle East

      Area
      total: 527,970 sq km
      land: 527,970 sq km
      note: includes Perim, Socotra, the former Yemen Arab Republic (YAR or North Yemen), and the former People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY or South Yemen)
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than twice the size of Wyoming

      Land boundaries
      total: 1,746 km
      border countries: Oman 288 km, Saudi Arabia 1,458 km

      Coastline 1,906 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      Climate mostly desert; hot and humid along west coast; temperate in western mountains affected by seasonal monsoon; extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desert in east

      Terrain narrow coastal plain backed by flat-topped hills and rugged mountains; dissected upland desert plains in center slope into the desert interior of the Arabian Peninsula

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m
      highest point: Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb 3,760 m

      Natural resources petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble, small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper, fertile soil in west

      Land use
      arable land: 3%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 97% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 4,900 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards sandstorms and dust storms in summer

      Environment - current issues very limited natural fresh water resources; inadequate supplies of potable water; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note strategic location on Bab el Mandeb, the strait linking the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, one of world's most active shipping lanes

      NOTE: The information regarding Yemen on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Yemen Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Yemen Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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