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    Ecuador Government 1998
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb1998/ecuador/ecuador_government.html
    SOURCE: 1998 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name
      conventional long form: Republic of Ecuador
      conventional short form: Ecuador
      local long form: Republica del Ecuador
      local short form: Ecuador

      Data code EC

      Government type republic

      National capital Quito

      Administrative divisions 21 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia); Azuay, Bolivar, Canar, Carchi, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, El Oro, Esmeraldas, Galapagos, Guayas, Imbabura, Loja, Los Rios, Manabi, Morona-Santiago, Napo, Pastaza, Pichincha, Sucumbios, Tungurahua, Zamora-Chinchipe

      Independence 24 May 1822 (from Spain)

      National holiday Independence Day, 10 August (1809) (independence of Quito)

      Constitution 10 August 1979

      Legal system based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal, compulsory for literate persons ages 18-65, optional for other eligible voters

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Fabian ALARCON Rivera (since 11 February 1997); Vice President Pedro AGUAYO (since 1 April 1998); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      head of government: President Fabian ALARCON Rivera (since 11 February 1997); Vice President Pedro AGUAYO (since 1 April 1998); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      note: in an unusual, out of cycle change in executive power, Congress on 11 February 1997 elected then Congress President ALARCON to be Interim President until August 1998 after ousting former President BUCARAM because of "mental incapacity"; ARTEAGA remained vice president until March 1998
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president
      elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 19 May 1996; runoff election held 7 July 1996; note - because of the February 1997 unusual change in executive power, the next presidential elections will take place 31 May 1998
      election results: runoff election; percent of vote - Abdala BUCARAM Ortiz 54%, Jaime NEBOT 46%; note - in February 1997, Congress elected ALARCON to be Interim President until August 1998, with 57 of 82 Congressmen voting in favor of him

      Legislative branch unicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional (82 seats; 12 members are popularly elected at-large nationally to serve four-year terms; 70 members are popularly elected by province for two-year terms)
      elections: last held 19 May 1996 (next to be held 31 May 1998)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PSC 27, PRE 19, DP 12, P-NP 8, ID 4, FRA 3, MPD 2, PCE 2, CFP 1, independents and other 4; note - defections by members of congress are commonplace, resulting in frequent changes in the numbers of seats held by the various parties

      Judicial branch Supreme Court (Corte Suprema), judges are elected by Congress

      Political parties and leaders
      Center-Right parties: Social Christian Party or PSC [Jaime NEBOT Saadi, president]; Ecuadorian Conservative Party or PCE [Freddy BRAVO]
      Center-Left parties: Democratic Left or ID [Rodrigo BORJA Cevallos, leader]; Popular Democracy or DP [Jamil MAHUAD, leader]; Radical Alfarista Front or FRA [Fabian ALARCON, director]; Roldosista Party or PRE [Abdala BUCARAM, leader]
      Leftist parties: Popular Democratic Movement or MPD [leader NA]
      Populist parties: Roldosist Party or PRE [Abdala BUCARAM Ortiz, director]; Concentration of Popular Forces or CFP [Averroes BUCARAM, leader]; Popular Revolutionary Action or APRE [Frank VARGAS Passos, leader]; Pachakutik-New Country or P-NP [Freddy EHLERS]
      Far-Left parties: Popular Democratic Movement or MPD [Juan Jose CASTELLO, leader]

      International organization participation AG, ECLAC, FAO, G-11, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA, MINUGUA, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Alberto Federico MASPONS GUZMAN
      chancery: 2535 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009
      telephone: [1] (202) 234-7200
      consulate(s) general: Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, Philadelphia, and San Francisco
      consulate(s): Newark

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Leslie ALEXANDER
      embassy: Avenida 12 de Octubre and Avenida Patria, Quito
      mailing address: APO AA 34039
      telephone: [593] (2) 562-890
      FAX: [593] (2) 502-052
      consulate(s) general: Guayaquil

      Flag description three horizontal bands of yellow (top, double width), blue, and red with the coat of arms superimposed at the center of the flag; similar to the flag of Colombia that is shorter and does not bear a coat of arms

      NOTE: The information regarding Ecuador on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ecuador Government 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ecuador Government 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb1998/ecuador/ecuador_government.html

    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr12/21/01