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    Vietnam Geography - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/vietnam/vietnam_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, alongside China, Laos, and Cambodia

      Geographic coordinates 16 00 N, 106 00 E

      Map references Southeast Asia

      Area
      total: 329,560 sq km
      land: 325,360 sq km
      water: 4,200 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than New Mexico

      Land boundaries
      total: 4,639 km
      border countries: Cambodia 1,228 km, China 1,281 km, Laos 2,130 km

      Coastline 3,444 km (excludes islands)

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      Climate tropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (mid-May to mid-September) and warm, dry season (mid-October to mid-March)

      Terrain low, flat delta in south and north; central highlands; hilly, mountainous in far north and northwest

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
      highest point: Ngoc Linh 3,143 m

      Natural resources phosphates, coal, manganese, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, forests, hydropower

      Land use
      arable land: 17%
      permanent crops: 5%
      other: 78% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 30,000 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards occasional typhoons (May to January) with extensive flooding, especially in the Mekong River delta

      Environment - current issues logging and slash-and-burn agricultural practices contribute to deforestation and soil degradation; water pollution and overfishing threaten marine life populations; groundwater contamination limits potable water supply; growing urban industrialization and population migration are rapidly degrading environment in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note extending 1,650 km north to south, the country is only 50 km across at its narrowest point

      NOTE: The information regarding Vietnam on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Vietnam Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Vietnam Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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