Zimbabwe Introduction - 2002
SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK
The UK annexed Southern Rhodesia from the South Africa Company in 1923. A 1961 constitution was formulated that favored whites in power. In 1965 the government unilaterally declared its independence, but the UK did not recognize the act and demanded more complete voting rights for the black African majority in the country (then called Rhodesia). UN sanctions and a guerrilla uprising finally led to free elections in 1979 and independence (as Zimbabwe) in 1980. Robert MUGABE, the nation's first prime minister, has been the country's only ruler (as president since 1987) and has dominated the country's political system since independence.
NOTE: The information regarding Zimbabwe on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Zimbabwe Introduction 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Zimbabwe Introduction 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.