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    Philippines Geography 1998

      Location Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam

      Geographic coordinates 13 00 N, 122 00 E

      Map references Southeast Asia

      total: 300,000 sq km
      land: 298,170 sq km
      water: 1,830 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than Arizona

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 36,289 km

      Maritime claims measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: irregular polygon extending up to 100 nm from coastline as defined by 1898 treaty; since late 1970s has also claimed polygonal-shaped area in South China Sea up to 285 nm in breadth

      Climate tropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October)

      Terrain mostly mountains with narrow to extensive coastal lowlands

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Philippine Sea 0 m
      highest point: Mount Apo 2,954 m

      Natural resources timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper

      Land use
      arable land: 19%
      permanent crops: 12%
      permanent pastures: 4%
      forests and woodland: 46%
      other: 19% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 15,800 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards astride typhoon belt, usually affected by 15 and struck by five to six cyclonic storms per year; landslides; active volcanoes; destructive earthquakes; tsunamis

      Environment - current issues uncontrolled deforestation in watershed areas; soil erosion; air and water pollution in Manila; increasing pollution of coastal mangrove swamps which are important fish breeding grounds

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification

      NOTE: The information regarding Philippines on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Philippines Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Philippines Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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