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    Algeria Geography - 2002

      Location Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia

      Geographic coordinates 28 00 N, 3 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 2,381,740 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 2,381,740 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Texas

      Land boundaries
      total: 6,343 km
      border countries: Libya 982 km, Mali 1,376 km, Mauritania 463 km, Morocco 1,559 km, Niger 956 km, Tunisia 965 km, Western Sahara 42 km

      Coastline 998 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive fishing zone: 32-52 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer

      Terrain mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Chott Melrhir -40 m
      highest point: Tahat 3,003 m

      Natural resources petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc

      Land use
      arable land: 3%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 97% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 5,600 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards mountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes; mudslides and floods in rainy season

      Environment - current issues soil erosion from overgrazing and other poor farming practices; desertification; dumping of raw sewage, petroleum refining wastes, and other industrial effluents is leading to the pollution of rivers and coastal waters; Mediterranean Sea, in particular, becoming polluted from oil wastes, soil erosion, and fertilizer runoff; inadequate supplies of potable water

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note second-largest country in Africa (after Sudan)

      NOTE: The information regarding Algeria on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Algeria Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Algeria Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)