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    Cuba Geography - 2002

      Location Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Florida

      Geographic coordinates 21 30 N, 80 00 W

      Map references Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 110,860 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 110,860 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

      Land boundaries
      total: 29 km
      border countries: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay 29 km
      note: Guantanamo Naval Base is leased by the US and thus remains part of Cuba

      Coastline 3,735 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate tropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October)

      Terrain mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Pico Turquino 2,005 m

      Natural resources cobalt, nickel, iron ore, copper, manganese, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land

      Land use
      arable land: 33%
      other: 59% (1998 est.)
      permanent crops: 8%

      Irrigated land 870 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards the east coast is subject to hurricanes from August to October (in general, the country averages about one hurricane every other year); droughts are common

      Environment - current issues air and water pollution; biodiversity loss; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note largest country in Caribbean and westernmost island of the Greater Antilles

      NOTE: The information regarding Cuba on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cuba Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cuba Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)