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    Denmark Geography - 2002

      Location Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, on a peninsula north of Germany (Jutland); also includes two major islands (Sjaelland and Fyn)

      Geographic coordinates 56 00 N, 10 00 E

      Map references Europe

      total: 43,094 sq km
      water: 700 sq km
      note: includes the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea and the rest of metropolitan Denmark (the Jutland Peninsula, and the major islands of Sjaelland and Fyn), but excludes the Faroe Islands and Greenland
      land: 42,394 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly less than twice the size of Massachusetts

      Land boundaries
      total: 68 km
      border countries: Germany 68 km

      Coastline 7,314 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate temperate; humid and overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers

      Terrain low and flat to gently rolling plains

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Lammefjord -7 m
      highest point: Yding Skovhoej 173 m

      Natural resources petroleum, natural gas, fish, salt, limestone, stone, gravel and sand

      Land use
      arable land: 56%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 44% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 4,760 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards flooding is a threat in some areas of the country (e.g., parts of Jutland, along the southern coast of the island of Lolland) that are protected from the sea by a system of dikes

      Environment - current issues air pollution, principally from vehicle and power plant emissions; nitrogen and phosphorus pollution of the North Sea; drinking and surface water becoming polluted from animal wastes and pesticides

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Law of the Sea

      Geography - note controls Danish Straits (Skagerrak and Kattegat) linking Baltic and North Seas; about one-quarter of the population lives in greater Copenhagen

      NOTE: The information regarding Denmark on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Denmark Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Denmark Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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