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    Dominican Republic Geography - 2002

      Location Caribbean, eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti

      Geographic coordinates 19 00 N, 70 40 W

      Map references Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 48,730 sq km
      land: 48,380 sq km
      water: 350 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly more than twice the size of New Hampshire

      Land boundaries
      total: 360 km
      border countries: Haiti 360 km

      Coastline 1,288 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 6 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      Climate tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall

      Terrain rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Lago Enriquillo -46 m
      highest point: Pico Duarte 3,175 m

      Natural resources nickel, bauxite, gold, silver

      Land use
      arable land: 21%
      permanent crops: 10%
      other: 69% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 2,590 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues water shortages; soil eroding into the sea damages coral reefs; deforestation; Hurricane Georges damage

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note shares island of Hispaniola with Haiti (eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic, western one-third is Haiti)

      NOTE: The information regarding Dominican Republic on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Dominican Republic Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Dominican Republic Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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