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    Moldova Geography - 2002

      Location Eastern Europe, northeast of Romania

      Geographic coordinates 47 00 N, 29 00 E

      Map references Europe

      total: 33,843 sq km
      water: 472 sq km
      land: 33,371 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than Maryland

      Land boundaries
      total: 1,389 km
      border countries: Romania 450 km, Ukraine 939 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate moderate winters, warm summers

      Terrain rolling steppe, gradual slope south to Black Sea

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Dniester River 2 m
      highest point: Dealul Balanesti 430 m

      Natural resources lignite, phosphorites, gypsum, arable land, limestone

      Land use
      arable land: 54%
      permanent crops: 12%
      other: 34% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 3,070 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards landslides (57 cases in 1998)

      Environment - current issues heavy use of agricultural chemicals, including banned pesticides such as DDT, has contaminated soil and groundwater; extensive soil erosion from poor farming methods

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants

      Geography - note landlocked; well endowed with various sedimentary rocks and minerals including sand, gravel, gypsum, and limestone

      NOTE: The information regarding Moldova on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Moldova Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Moldova Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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