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    Paraguay Geography - 2002

      Location Central South America, northeast of Argentina

      Geographic coordinates 23 00 S, 58 00 W

      Map references South America

      total: 406,750 sq km
      water: 9,450 sq km
      land: 397,300 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than California

      Land boundaries
      total: 3,920 km
      border countries: Argentina 1,880 km, Bolivia 750 km, Brazil 1,290 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate subtropical to temperate; substantial rainfall in the eastern portions, becoming semiarid in the far west

      Terrain grassy plains and wooded hills east of Rio Paraguay; Gran Chaco region west of Rio Paraguay mostly low, marshy plain near the river, and dry forest and thorny scrub elsewhere

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: junction of Rio Paraguay and Rio Parana 46 m
      highest point: Cerro Pero (Cerro Tres Kandu) 842 m

      Natural resources hydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone

      Land use
      arable land: 6%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 94% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 670 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards local flooding in southeast (early September to June); poorly drained plains may become boggy (early October to June)

      Environment - current issues deforestation; water pollution; inadequate means for waste disposal present health risks for many urban residents; loss of wetlands

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note landlocked; lies between Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil; population concentrated in southern part of country

      NOTE: The information regarding Paraguay on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Paraguay Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Paraguay Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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