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    Senegal Geography - 2002

      Location Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania

      Geographic coordinates 14 00 N, 14 00 W

      Map references Africa

      total: 196,190 sq km
      land: 192,000 sq km
      water: 4,190 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than South Dakota

      Land boundaries
      total: 2,640 km
      border countries: The Gambia 740 km, Guinea 330 km, Guinea-Bissau 338 km, Mali 419 km, Mauritania 813 km

      Coastline 531 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      Climate tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (May to November) has strong southeast winds; dry season (December to April) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind

      Terrain generally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills in southeast

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed feature near Nepen Diakha 581 m

      Natural resources fish, phosphates, iron ore

      Land use
      arable land: 12%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 88% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 710 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards lowlands seasonally flooded; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues wildlife populations threatened by poaching; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; overfishing

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping

      Geography - note westernmost country on the African continent; The Gambia is almost an enclave of Senegal

      NOTE: The information regarding Senegal on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Senegal Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Senegal Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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