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    Tanzania Geography - 2002

      Location Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique

      Geographic coordinates 6 00 S, 35 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 945,087 sq km
      note: includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar
      water: 59,050 sq km
      land: 886,037 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than twice the size of California

      Land boundaries
      total: 3,402 km
      border countries: Burundi 451 km, Kenya 769 km, Malawi 475 km, Mozambique 756 km, Rwanda 217 km, Uganda 396 km, Zambia 338 km

      Coastline 1,424 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands

      Terrain plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Kilimanjaro 5,895 m

      Natural resources hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel

      Land use
      arable land: 4%
      permanent crops: 1%
      other: 95% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 1,550 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season; drought

      Environment - current issues soil degradation; deforestation; desertification; destruction of coral reefs threatens marine habitats; recent droughts affected marginal agriculture; wildlife threatened by illegal hunting and trade, especially for ivory

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note Kilimanjaro is highest point in Africa; bordered by three of the largest lakes on the continent: Lake Victoria (the world's second-largest freshwater lake) in the north, Lake Tanganyika (the world's second deepest) in the west, and Lake Nyasa in the southwest

      NOTE: The information regarding Tanzania on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tanzania Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tanzania Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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