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    Cameroon Economy - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/cameroon/cameroon_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview Because of its oil resources and favorable agricultural conditions, Cameroon has one of the best-endowed primary commodity economies in sub-Saharan Africa. Still, it faces many of the serious problems facing other underdeveloped countries, such as a top-heavy civil service and a generally unfavorable climate for business enterprise. Since 1990, the government has embarked on various IMF and World Bank programs designed to spur business investment, increase efficiency in agriculture, improve trade, and recapitalize the nation's banks. In June 2000, the government completed an IMF-sponsored, three-year structural adjustment program; however, the IMF is pressing for more reforms, including increased budget transparency and privatization. International oil and cocoa prices have considerable impact on the economy.

      GDP purchasing power parity - $26.4 billion (2001 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate 4.9% (2001 est.)

      GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $1,700 (2001 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector
      agriculture: 44%
      industry: 20%
      services: 36% (2000 est.)

      Population below poverty line 48% (2000 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2% (2000 est.)

      Labor force NA

      Labor force - by occupation agriculture 70%, industry and commerce 13%, other 17%

      Unemployment rate 30% (2001 est.)

      Budget
      revenues: $2.2 billion
      expenditures: $2.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY00/01 est.)

      Industries petroleum production and refining, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber

      Industrial production growth rate 4.2% (1999 est.)

      Electricity - production 3.623 billion kWh (2000)

      Electricity - production by source
      fossil fuel: 2.57%
      hydro: 97.43%
      other: 0% (2000)
      nuclear: 0%

      Electricity - consumption 3.369 billion kWh (2000)

      Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2000)

      Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2000)

      Agriculture - products coffee, cocoa, cotton, rubber, bananas, oilseed, grains, root starches; livestock; timber

      Exports $2.1 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)

      Exports - commodities crude oil and petroleum products, lumber, cocoa beans, aluminum, coffee, cotton

      Exports - partners Italy 24%, France 18%, Netherlands 10% (2000 est.)

      Imports $1.5 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)

      Imports - commodities machinery, electrical equipment, transport equipment, fuel, food

      Imports - partners France 29%, Germany 7%, US 6%, Japan 6% (2000 est.)

      Debt - external $10.9 billion (2000 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient on 23 January 2001, the Paris Club agreed to reduce Cameroon's debt of $1.3 billion by $900 million; total debt relief now amounts to $1.26 billion

      Currency Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF); note - responsible authority is the Bank of the Central African States

      Currency code XAF

      Exchange rates Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XAF) per US dollar - 742.79 (January 2002), 733.04 (2001), 711.98 (2000), 615.70 (1999), 589.95 (1998), 583.67 (1997); note - from 1 January 1999, the XAF is pegged to the euro at a rate of 655.957 XAF per euro

      Fiscal year 1 July - 30 June

      NOTE: The information regarding Cameroon on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cameroon Economy 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cameroon Economy 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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