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    Ethiopia People - 2002

      Population 67,673,031
      note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2002 est.)

      Age structure
      0-14 years: 47.2% (male 16,098,191; female 15,879,065)
      15-64 years: 50% (male 17,005,387; female 16,801,536)
      65 years and over: 2.8% (male 854,023; female 1,034,829) (2002 est.)

      Population growth rate 2.64% (2002 est.)

      Birth rate 44.31 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)

      Death rate 18.04 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)

      Net migration rate 0.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population
      note: repatriation of Ethiopians who fled to Sudan for refuge from war and famine in earlier years is expected to continue for several years; some Sudanese and Somali refugees, who fled to Ethiopia from the fighting or famine in their own countries, continue to return to their homes (2002 est.)

      Sex ratio
      at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
      under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
      15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
      65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
      total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2002 est.)

      Infant mortality rate 98.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)

      Life expectancy at birth
      total population: 44.21 years
      female: 45.09 years (2002 est.)
      male: 43.36 years

      Total fertility rate 6.94 children born/woman (2002 est.)

      HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 10.63% (1999 est.)

      HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 3 million (1999 est.)

      HIV/AIDS - deaths 280,000 (1999 est.)

      noun: Ethiopian(s)
      adjective: Ethiopian

      Ethnic groups Oromo 40%, Amhara and Tigre 32%, Sidamo 9%, Shankella 6%, Somali 6%, Afar 4%, Gurage 2%, other 1%

      Religions Muslim 45%-50%, Ethiopian Orthodox 35%-40%, animist 12%, other 3%-8%

      Languages Amharic, Tigrinya, Oromigna, Guaragigna, Somali, Arabic, other local languages, English (major foreign language taught in schools)

      definition: age 15 and over can read and write
      total population: 35.5%
      male: 45.5%
      female: 25.3% (1995 est.)

      NOTE: The information regarding Ethiopia on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ethiopia People 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ethiopia People 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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